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View Full Version : Is transmutation of elements possible outside of a star or a nuclear reactor ?



theFool
03-09-2014, 05:09 PM
Inspired from a discussion in this thread (http://forum.alchemyforums.com/showthread.php?3946-Aspects-of-Alchemy&p=33835#post33835), I 've done a small "wikipedia research" to see if transmutation can happen without the extreme temperatures required to overcome the "coulomb barrier" (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coulomb_barrier). I would like to investigate also if biological transmutation is plausible.

To start with, it is already observed that nuclei can change by neutron capture (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_capture). Neutrons have no charge, thus they can interact with various nuclei and be absorbed by them, augmenting the mass number of the nucleus (no need to surpass the coulomb barrier). Subsequent beta decay can lead to elements with higher atomic number also.

Another process comes under the name of: muon catalyzed fusion muon catalyzed fusion (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muon-catalyzed_fusion). In brief, here the coulomb barrier can be circumvented by electron-like particles (muons) that are orbiting very close to the nucleus (due to their higher mass). This is shielding the nucleus charge, thus allowing them to come close together and fuse.

Can those processes can happen in abudance inside a biological system or other device? We can't deny such a possibility. For the first one, the difficulty lies in the production of neutrons. For the second one, it is difficult to produce the muons (plus they have a very short life). Both of those particles need high energies to be created, energies difficult to be found in biological cells.

Some more research gave me those links, on the gray areas of science:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_fusion
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonoluminescence

In cold fusion, the reaction seems to be catalysed by palladium, a catalyst that can absorb hydrogen and bring the atoms close together. Can it shield also the electric potential and catalyse the nuclear reaction?
In sonoluminescence temperatures up to 20000 K have been measured. Some researchers have measured nuclear reactions going on too, but the major scientific establishment avoids to further investigate those claims.
Sonoluminescence is observed in living organisms too.
I don't know if those claims are true or not, but they seem plausible. The main argument against them is that there is no ionising radiation observed (gamma rays) as would be expected if a nuclear reaction would happen.

One more article on biological transmutation, Louis Kervran:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_transmutation

Followers of his theories believe that neutrinos (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrino) and the weak interaction is responsible for the transmutations. Indeed, neutrinos have this ability. Earth is bombarded by high energy solar neutrinos. They can interact with a proton to form a neutron (proton + antineutrino --> neutron + positron). They can create a muon. They can interact with nuclei and transmute them directly. This property is used to detect them.
From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutrino_detector :

A neutrino converts a chlorine-37 atom into one of argon-37

A neutrino is able to react with an atom of gallium-71, converting it into an atom of the unstable isotope germanium-71.

So you see that neutrinos can provide the energy required for the production of neutrons from hydrogen, muons, and nuclear transmutations. The problem with neutrinos is that they rarely interact with matter. If biological cells utilize neutrinos, a mechanism of how they increase the number of neutrino interactions should be detected. Also the answer of what happens to the possible fusion byproducts (gamma rays, thermal energy) is missing.
An interesting article around those questions, here:

http://www.levity.com/alchemy/nelson2_8.html


And finally, a youtube "eye teaser" video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ErJDjovfdn0):)

theFool
03-23-2014, 06:35 PM
A very interesting presentation on low energy transmutation (http://www.slideshare.net/lewisglarsen/lattice-energy-llc-lenr-transmutation-networks-can-produce-goldmay-19-2012) (thanks to Dendritic Xylem).
It explains how it is possible for a neutron to be created in a reaction between electron and proton (hydrogen atom nucleus) when energetic conditions appear (eg. plasma electrolysis of water). This neutron then can be absorbed by heavy nuclei and by a beta decay create a new element. The process can continue creating increasingly heavier nuclei. The document attempts to explain by this process experiments on low energy nuclear reactions and biological transmutation.

Dendritic Xylem
03-24-2014, 01:11 AM
Here is a video of the general idea replicated by Renzo Mondaini.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEceEHgaXoU



EDIT-- I just stumbled onto this somewhat related wikipedia article.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dense_plasma_focus

A dense plasma focus (DPF) is a machine that produces, by electromagnetic acceleration and compression, a short-lived plasma that is hot and dense enough to cause nuclear fusion and the emission of X-rays and neutrons.

theFool
03-24-2014, 01:49 PM
Nice video. His aluminum electrode turned into .. silica? It seems to be over a gram of silica there. If this amount came from aluminum fusion, then great amounts of energy should have been released. The explanation of fusion seems impossible (except if the energy of fusion is used to produce neutrons somehow, which react further with aluminium).

Dendritic Xylem
03-24-2014, 07:32 PM
Supposedly you can start numerous places on the periodic table and create new elements further up the row from the starting element. The most comprehensive explanation for the reaction seems to be in the Widom-Larsen Theory.
http://newenergytimes.com/v2/sr/WL/WLTheory.shtml#summary

Here is a list of cold fusion projects done by numerous Universities and labs including Los Alamos. These types of experiments have been successfully accomplished by gov't funded institutions for decades. Yet the general public is kept in the dark. It makes my blood boil :mad:
http://www.infinite-energy.com/resources/keyexpdata.html

theFool
03-25-2014, 08:11 PM
Here is a list of cold fusion projects done by numerous Universities and labs including Los Alamos. These types of experiments have been successfully accomplished by gov't funded institutions for decades. Impressive list.

stmoniker
07-10-2014, 08:22 PM
What about poo as an example of biological transmutation. Or egg shell and something about Calcium > Potassium.

In the book 'the secret life of plants' they have some interesting accounts of biological transmutation in the plant world.