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Ghislain
01-20-2015, 08:23 AM
Technology should benefit all people not just those employing it.

For example...when the vacuum cleaner was invented the inventor probably saw this initially as a labour saving device, not as a money spinner or an employment substitute.

We live in communities where we strive to make that community the best we can for all of its members, why then should we penalise those whose jobs are replaced by mechanisation. This becomes a job vs machine lottery.

Our world is ever changing and we should all embrace this, but look at those who have served us in the past and are now pushed into obscurity.

e.g. Horse livery manufacturers are now a defunct business only manufacturing for the horse recreation and sport sector of society as the car has replaced the horse. How many in this industry lost their livelihoods?

In days gone by people have feared changing technology as an evil that destroys jobs, but this has not been the case as new forms of employment are usually a spinoff of the new technology. e.g. At the same time many jobs were lost in the horse livery sector many new jobs were created in the motor industry; this brings balance to the work sector.

However, when a business replaces a number of employees with a machine then this balance is lost. Yes, there are new jobs to create and maintain the machines, but they are usually less than the jobs the machine has replaced. Think farming and tractors...how many jobs were lost there?

This is not just livelihoods that are lost but some of the revenue that sustained the community.

The company employing the machine should cover the loss of tax to the community. Those employing the machines still stand to gain much profit from the saving in non-payment of wages and higher output, and dispensation could be made against this levy to the initial purchase and running cost of the machine.

In a utopian society we are striving for a world where no one would have to work as the machines would supply all our needs, leaving time for more recreation and study, but this is not the case. What has happened is that people's jobs have been replaced and a few get rich in the process leaving a big deficit in the quality of life in the community.

I would like to draw attention to the philosophy and world view of Richard Buckminster Fuller ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminster_Fuller#Philosophy_and_worldview)


Richard Buckminster Fuller was an early environmental activist. He was very aware of the finite resources the planet has to offer, and promoted a principle that he termed "ephemeralization ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ephemeralization )", which, in essence Fuller coined to mean "doing more with less". Resources and waste material from cruder products could be recycled into making more valuable products, increasing the efficiency of the entire process. Fuller also introduced synergetics ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synergetics_(Fuller) ), an encompassing term which he used broadly as a metaphoric language for communicating experiences using geometric concepts and, more specifically, to reference the empirical study of systems in transformation, with an emphasis on total system behavior unpredicted by the behavior of any isolated components. Fuller coined this term long before the term synergy became popular.

Fuller was a pioneer in thinking globally, and he explored principles of energy and material efficiency in the fields of architecture, engineering and design. He cited François de Chardenedes' opinion that petroleum, from the standpoint of its replacement cost out of our current energy "budget" (essentially, the net incoming solar flux), had cost nature "over a million dollars" per U.S. gallon (US$300,000 per litre) to produce. From this point of view, its use as a transportation fuel by people commuting to work represents a huge net loss compared to their earnings. An encapsulation quotation of his views might be, "There is no energy crisis, only a crisis of ignorance."

Fuller was concerned about sustainability and about human survival under the existing socio-economic system, yet remained optimistic about humanity's future. Defining wealth in terms of knowledge, as the "technological ability to protect, nurture, support, and accommodate all growth needs of life," his analysis of the condition of "Spaceship Earth" caused him to conclude that at a certain time during the 1970s, humanity had attained an unprecedented state. He was convinced that the accumulation of relevant knowledge, combined with the quantities of major recyclable resources that had already been extracted from the earth, had attained a critical level, such that competition for necessities was not necessary anymore. Cooperation had become the optimum survival strategy. "Selfishness," he declared, "is unnecessary and hence-forth unrationalizable.... War is obsolete." He criticized previous utopian schemes as too exclusive, and thought this was a major source of their failure. To work, he thought that a utopia needed to include everyone.

So it is not surprising that he and others of his stature were attracted by Korzybski's ideas in general semantics ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_semantics ). General semantics is a discipline of mind that seeks to unify persons and nations by changing their worldview reaction and the philosophy of their expression.

Korzybski is mentioned in the Introduction of his book Synergetics. The two gentlemen shared a remarkable amount of similarity in their formulations of general semantics.

In his 1970 book I Seem To Be a Verb, he wrote: "I live on Earth at present, and I don't know what I am. I know that I am not a category. I am not a thing—a noun. I seem to be a verb, an evolutionary process—an integral function of the universe."

Fuller wrote that the natural analytic geometry of the universe was based on arrays of tetrahedra. He developed this in several ways, from the close-packing of spheres and the number of compressive or tensile members required to stabilize an object in space. One confirming result was that the strongest possible homogeneous truss is cyclically tetrahedral.

He had become a guru of the design, architecture, and 'alternative' communities, such as Drop City ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drop_City ), the community of experimental artists to whom he awarded the 1966 "Dymaxion Award" for "poetically economic" domed living structures.

Thought this might be a good subject for discussion.

Ghislain