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Thread: Water

  1. #1
    Join Date
    May 2009


    The harbinger of death, the bringer of life; Here is the Wikipedia entry for Water.

    It starts with...

    Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one
    oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at standard ambient
    temperature and pressure, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state,
    steam (water vapor).
    Of course we all know what water is...or do we?

    Below is a link to a site dedicated to information about water, which has been posted before, but it didn’t show
    up in any searches and it merits a thread all of its own, hence the repetition here....just browse the table
    of content and site map then ask yourself if you know what water is.

    Water Structure and Science

    It may take a while to get through just the table of content and the site map; if you do decide to go any further
    take a deep breath or you may drown.


  2. #2
    Join Date
    Jul 2012
    Bridger Mountains
    Blog Entries
    That site is good stuff! Here's the part I found most interesting, which is a good example of how versatile water is:

    Water phase anomalies e

    Water has unusually high melting point. [Explanation]
    Water has unusually high boiling point. [Explanation]
    Water has unusually high critical point. [Explanation]
    Solid water exists in a wider variety of stable (and metastable) crystal and amorphous structures than other materials. [Explanation]
    The thermal conductivity, shear modulus and transverse sound velocity of ice reduce with increasing pressure. [Explanation]
    The structure of liquid water changes at high pressure. [Explanation]
    Supercooled water has two phases and a second critical point at about -91 C. [Explanation]
    Liquid water is easily supercooled but glassified with difficulty. [Explanation]
    Liquid water exists at very low temperatures and freezes on heating. [Explanation]
    Liquid water may be easily superheated. [Explanation]
    Hot water may freeze faster than cold water; the Mpemba effect. [Explanation]
    Warm water vibrates longer than cold water. [Explanation]
    Water molecules shrink as the temperature rises. [Explanation]

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    Water density anomalies

    The density of ice increases on heating (up to 70 K). [Explanation]
    Water shrinks on melting. [Explanation]
    Pressure reduces ice's melting point. [Explanation]
    Liquid water has a high density that increases on heating (up to 3.984 C). [Explanation]
    The surface of water is denser than the bulk. [Explanation]
    Pressure reduces the temperature of maximum density. [Explanation]
    There is a minimum in the density of supercooled water. [Explanation]
    Water has a low coefficient of expansion (thermal expansivity). [Explanation]
    Water's thermal expansivity reduces increasingly (becoming negative) at low temperatures. [Explanation]
    Water's thermal expansivity increases with increased pressure. [Explanation]
    The number of nearest neighbors increases on melting. [Explanation]
    The number of nearest neighbors increases with temperature. [Explanation]
    Water has unusually low compressibility. [Explanation]
    The compressibility drops as temperature increases up to 46.5 C. [Explanation]
    There is a maximum in the compressibility-temperature relationship. [Explanation]
    The speed of sound increases with temperature up to 74 C. [Explanation]
    The speed of sound may show a minimum. [Explanation]
    'Fast sound' is found at high frequencies and shows an discontinuity at higher pressure. [Explanation]
    NMR spin-lattice relaxation time is very small at low temperatures. [Explanation]
    The NMR shift increases to a maximum at low (supercool) temperatures [Explanation]
    The refractive index of water has a maximum value at just below 0 C. [Explanation]
    The change in volume as liquid changes to gas is very large. [Explanation]

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    Water material anomalies

    No aqueous solution is ideal. [Explanation]
    D2O and T2O differ significantly from H2O in their physical properties. [Explanation]
    Liquid H2O and D2O differ significantly in their phase behavior. [Explanation]
    H2O and D 2O ices differ significantly in their quantum behavior. [Explanation]
    The mean kinetic energy of water's hydrogen atoms increases at low temperature. [Explanation]
    Solutes have varying effects on properties such as density and viscosity. [Explanation]
    The solubilities of non-polar gases in water decrease with temperature to a minimum and then rise. [Explanation]
    The dielectric constant of water is high. [Explanation]
    The relative permittivity shows a temperature maximum. [Explanation]
    Proton and hydroxide ion mobilities are anomalously fast in an electric field. [Explanation]
    The electrical conductivity of water rises to a maximum at about 230 C. [Explanation]
    Acidity constants of weak acids show temperature minima. [Explanation]
    X-ray diffraction shows an unusually detailed structure. [Explanation]
    Under high pressure water molecules move further away from each other with increasing pressure. [Explanation]

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    Water thermodynamic anomalies

    The heat of fusion of water with temperature exhibits a maximum at -17 C. [Explanation]
    Water has over twice the specific heat capacity of ice or steam. [Explanation]
    The specific heat capacity (CP and CV) is unusually high. [Explanation]
    The specific heat capacity CP has a minimum at 36 C. [Explanation]
    The specific heat capacity (CP) has a maximum at about -45 C. [Explanation]
    The specific heat capacity (CP) has a minimum with respect to pressure. [Explanation]
    The heat capacity (CV) has a maximum. [Explanation]
    High heat of vaporization. [Explanation]
    High heat of sublimation. [Explanation]
    High entropy of vaporization. [Explanation]
    The thermal conductivity of water is high and rises to a maximum at about 130 C. [Explanation]

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    Water physical anomalies

    Water has unusually high viscosity. [Explanation]
    Large viscosity increase as the temperature is lowered. [Explanation]
    Water's viscosity decreases with pressure below 33 C. [Explanation]
    Large diffusion decrease as the temperature is lowered. [Explanation]
    At low temperatures, the self-diffusion of water increases as the density and pressure increase. [Explanation]
    The thermal diffusivity rises to a maximum at about 0.8 GPa. [Explanation]
    Water has unusually high surface tension. [Explanation]
    Some salts give a surface tension-concentration minimum; the Jones-Ray effect. [Explanation]
    Some salts prevent the coalescence of small bubbles. [Explanation]
    The molar ionic volumes of salts show maxima with respect to temperature. [Explanation]
    I'd love to hear any opinion on what types of "Spiritual Anomalies" water has..
    there's also an interesting section titled "Water and Life" that I plan to read fairly soon.
    Last edited by Kiorionis; 11-27-2013 at 06:06 PM.
    Art is Nature in the flask; Nature is a vial thing.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    May 2009
    I guess the most obvious answer to that question is Masaru Emoto’s work Kiorionis, but there are
    some who disagree with his findings.

    Masaru Emoto (江本 勝 Emoto Masaru?, born July 22, 1943) is a Japanese energy scholar,
    author and entrepreneur, best known for his claims that human consciousness has an effect on
    the molecular structure of water. Emoto's hypothesis has evolved over the years of his
    research. Initially he believed that water takes on the "resonance" of the energy which is
    directed at it, and that polluted water can be restored through prayer and positive
    visualization. Emoto's work is widely considered pseudoscience by professionals, and he is
    criticized for going directly to the public with misleading claims that violate basic physics,
    based on methods that fail to properly investigate the truth of the claims.
    Since 1999 Emoto has published several volumes of a work titled Messages from Water,
    which contains photographs of water crystals, and their accompanying experiments. Emoto's
    ideas appeared in the documentary "What the Bleep Do We Know!?". Wikipedia
    Then you have Homeopathy...does water actually have memory?

    It’s nice to think so...our brain is 75% water; mine is probably more, which would explain the wishy
    washy thoughts I have


  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2010
    I believe water is a major connector of the above and below. Everyone should be blessings the clouds overhead and asking for blessings for all beings down here. Consciously working with water and developing a sacred relationship with it is a very potent way to heal this world. Rain is the holiest water there is.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    May 2009

    Open Book
    "Dogmatic Assumption Inhibits Enquiry" Rupert Sheldrake

  6. #6
    Join Date
    May 2009
    Open Book
    "Dogmatic Assumption Inhibits Enquiry" Rupert Sheldrake

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